Fat removal procedures are mainly used in cosmetic surgery to remove unwanted tissue. The procedures could be invasive such as liposuction or non-invasive like laser therapy, radiofrequency, ultrasound or cryoablation, etc., at times it is done with a combination with injections.
Liposuction: - Liposuction is also known as lipoplasty, lipectomy, it is a type of cosmetic surgery that breaks or sucks fat from the body. This procedure is often performed on the abdomen, thighs, buttocks, neck, chin, arms, and calves. A hollow instrument is used to remove fat, it is known as a cannula. A high-pressure vacuum is applied to the cannula. This procedure is done by giving general anesthesia.
Liposuction is not a treatment for obesity; it is done to remove undesirable body fat in specific areas of the body. It suits people who want to change or enhance the shape of the body. After the operation, if the patient does not lead a healthy lifestyle then there could be a risk with the remaining cells that may grow big. With any procedure, there will be few risks such as scarring, infection, numbness, or dents in the skin. These risks occur due to the amount of fat removed.
The benefit of this procedure is physical appearance, rather than physical health benefits. This has opted only when lifestyle changes doesn’t give the desired results. When you gain weight, each fat cells increase in size and volume, this procedure will reduce the number of cells in that particular area.
Sometimes, liposuction is done to treat certain conditions apart from cosmetic purposes such as lymphedema, gynecomastia, Lipodystrophy syndrome, and Extreme weight loss after obesity, Lipomas.
The Non-invasive fat reduction includes minimally invasive treatments that break down the fat cells in particular areas to reduce the fat deposits.
Cryolipolysis is a non-invasive method that uses extreme cold to remove fat cells. In this procedure, a cupped device is placed on top of the skin and it transmits temperature that freezes fat cells and destroys them, as skin, muscle and nerve tissue freezes at a lower temperature than fat, but the tissue will not be harmed.
Laser treatment works by reducing fat by controlled heat. A particular heatwave is passed through the skin by heating the fatty tissues and breaking the fat cells. A constant cooling method is done to ensure the skin is not damaged in the procedure.
Injectable Deoxycholic acid is a natural substance in the body that helps to break down fat for digestion. In this form, deoxycholic acid can break the fat cells on contact for isolated reduction of a fat pocket.
Ultrasound is done by using highly focused sonic waves to break fat cell walls in the required area. The ultrasound energy transmits through the skin and creates rapid pressure changes that allow the fat cells to break down and leaves the surrounding tissue unharmed. The destroyed cells don’t grow back if good weight management is done.
Red light therapy is a new method for non-surgical fat reduction. This method will reduce the volume of subcutaneous fat cells. This method uses photonic lipolysis or red light therapy that sends specific wavelengths of light through the skin with the help of a specific lamp. The light triggers the fat cells to create a small opening and releases some of the content and helps the cells to shrink in size. You can see the results within a few hours after the treatment. The fat that is released is naturally eliminated as waste. Patients can enjoy the results as long as they maintain a healthy lifestyle.